NAT: How Network Address Translation works

NAT: Network Address Translation in the router

NAT, the network address translation, is closely tied to the internet standard IPv4 and will disappear from the internet along with it. But the implementation of IPv6 is slow to take over, and many internet users worldwide still surf with the fourth version of the internet protocol. As a result, network address translation via NAT tables remains current. In our guide, we answer the questions: What...

Port scanning: introduction and basics

How port scanning contributes to your system’s security

It’s easy to lose track of all the different programs that are responsible for inbound and outbound data traffic. Networks hosting a large number of computer systems that are constantly communicating with online services often require technical backup. High-performance tools check the activities of various applications or computers and can close existing security gaps. Using port scanners is one...

Bonjour: Software for zero configuration networking

Bonjour: What’s behind the zeroconf implementation

Manually organising a large local network can be a nerve-wracking and very complicated matter. Without your own DHCP and DNS servers to support you in the distribution of addresses and name resolution, all IPs would have to be entered manually and also updated independently if changes are made in the network. Zeroconf implementations like Bonjour, which connect network components almost without...

Subnetting: How do subnets work?

Use subnetting to get the most out of your network

Dividing a corporate network into smaller subnets has some advantages in terms of speed, security, and logical organisation. However, many people find it difficult to set up. Binary computational operations and long series of numbers are frightening, but the principle itself is not so complicated. We explain what subnetting is, how to calculate a subnetmask, and what you need subnets for, so that...

Docker Tools | The container platform eco system

The Docker ecosystem: the best Docker tools at a glance

Docker significantly simplified the use of software containers with its efforts at standardisation. The lean container platform is part of a growing ecosystem that provides users a wide range of application options in the realm of software deployments, orchestration of containers, and multi-container applications, as well as continuous integration (CI) and continuous delivery (CD). In this guide,...

ECC RAM: memory solution for secure data

ECC RAM – the error-correcting code memory

Memory is one of the most important components of a computer system and is particularly important for processing large amounts of data. In addition to increasing the storage capacity, it is also necessary to guarantee the security of the data. Bit errors, for example, are one of the key foes that ECC RAM is battling against to protect the main memory. To date these error-correcting memory modules...

Web server: definition, background, software tips

What is a web server? And which web server software is there?

The equation is simple - without it, there’s simply no web content: when a web server is out of order, then it’s no longer possible to call up any websites that are connected to it. Web servers are what allow online presences to reach the internet in the first place. But just how do these systems work? Which functions do the programmes responsible for this task offer? And what’s an example of a...

What is a floating IP?

What is a floating IP?

IP addresses are essential for modern digital communication. They are the 'connection numbers' of all devices in the network and this is why they are one of key foundation elements of the internet as well as other networks. Communication is based on a common 'language': the internet protocol. But what exactly is a floating IP and what is it used for? What is the difference between a floating IP of...

What is a VPS (virtual private server)?

What is a VPS (Virtual Private Server)?

A virtual private server (VPS) is a compromise between shared hosting and a dedicated server. The VPS product allows web hosts to combine the strengths of both hosting models in one, cost-efficient IaaS solution. We’ll take a closer look at this hosting solution, demonstrating how a virtual private server works, exploring the advantages and disadvantages of it, and deciding who the model is best...

Data reduction through deduplication and compression

Deduplication vs. compression: two concepts in data reduction

With the mass of data constantly increasing, ever more efficient storage techniques are required to reduce storage requirements with as few losses as possible. For this purpose, there are two compression techniques that are currently in use. While data compression identifies and eliminates redundant information within a file, deduplication is a cross-file method that is particularly suited to...


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