What is ICMP protocol and how does it work?

What is the ICMP?

In the background, numerous protocols ensure that communication and data transmission work in computer networks. As the most prominent representative, the Internet Protocol plays a fundamental role. Without its’ various extensions and additions they would be nowhere near as versatile, as is the case in the current protocol. Thanks to the possibilities offered by ICMP protocol error messages and...

Multicast

Multicast: Point-to-multipoint connection for efficient data transfer

Bandwidth plays an important role when sending data over IP networks. This is especially true when packets are being sent to more than one recipient, which can result in overloads preventing the data from being sent problem-free. Therefore, IP multicast was developed early on to enable data to be sent simultaneously to multiple destination nodes.

ASCII-Codes | Overview of all characters on the ASCII table

ASCII - American Standard Code for Information Interchange

Every day we work with text on PCs, smartphones, tablets and other computer equipment using our keyboards. We expect letters, numbers, and characters to appear on the monitor before us. The fact is that there is a decades-old coding system behind this everyday function. Since the 1960s, ASCII has determined how computers interpret our input. We have prepared a practical ASCII table to help you...

Windows blue screen

Windows blue screen (BSOD): How to cure the error

The infamous blue screen of death usually shows up without any warning. It’s an important indicator of internal problems with hardware, software, or drivers. If Windows can no longer be run as a result of such a problem, then the forced shutdown takes place in the form of a blue screen containing an error message. This may cause unsaved files and documents to be lost. The most important thing with...

Windows PowerShell

Introduction to PowerShell – Tools for system administrators

For a long time, Windows users were left behind when it came to command interpreters because the command prompt did not allow full access to operating system internal components, and scripting also offered only limited possibilities. This should finally change thanks to Microsoft’s PowerShell. The cross-platform program not only does much better than cmd.exe, it also provides remote computer...

SNMP tutorial

SNMP tutorial: how snmpwalk and snmpget work

The central monitoring and managing of network devices such as routers, switches, or firewalls is often carried out using the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP). Both snmpwalk and snmpget tools use SNMP messages, for example, to retrieve data sets of selected network participants. In our SNMP tutorial, we show what these two command line tools can do and how data retrieval works.

DoS and DDoS: attack patterns at a glance

DoS: attack patterns and countermeasures

It is very important for a server service to always be available since this is directly related to an online company’s success. Many servers are susceptible to DoS and DDoS attacks, which cause overloads and trigger costly crashes . But which patterns do these attacks follow and which counter measures can be put into place in order to protect critical systems from being targeted?

Trivial File Transfer Protocol

TFTP (Trivial File Transfer Protocol) – File Transfer Protocol made simple

The Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) is one of the oldest and simplest network protocols. It allows two systems to exchange files on the local area network without having to establish a connection beforehand. To do this, TFTP uses the connectionless transport protocol UDP, which serves as an alternative to the more common yet more complex TCP. What other features set the TFTP protocol apart,...

Qt

Qt: the C++ framework for developing cross-platform software

Frameworks are an integral element of software development. The collections of tools, libraries and ready-to-use components standardise and simplify the development process, which means a great deal of time can be saved when creating new applications. For example, the framework based on C++ Qt supplies diverse tools for the creation of cross-platform user interfaces; it is also convincing due to...

Bootp protocol

BOOTP: All information on the DHCP forerunner

If you want to connect a computer, smartphone, etc. to a network (LAN or Wifi), you can either assign the IP address manually, or get it automatically. The latter is possible thanks to the DHCP (dynamic host configuration protocol) communication protocol, which has established itself as the cross-platform standard solution for address management. The forerunner was the BOOTP bootstrap protocol...


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