CSMA/CD - Carrier Sense Multiple Access / Collision Detection

CSMA/CD: Explanation of the process

Rules must be observed when communicating in a group. This is no different with local networks: CSMA/CD regulates how data packet collisions must be handled in a LAN network. But what happens if several participants attempt to simultaneously carry out a transmission and the information gets lost? Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection is an important procedure for smooth network...

CSMA/CA - Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Avoidance

CSMA/CA: definition and explanation of the method

How do you achieve order in a wireless network? If all devices were to send information amongst themselves in an uncoordinated way, the data would rarely reach the recipient without problems. With CSMA/CA, there is a protocol that organises the process and avoids collisions – without the need for central coordination. It’s a complex time management system. We go through the process step by step so...

What is ICMP protocol and how does it work?

What is the ICMP?

In the background, numerous protocols ensure that communication and data transmission work in computer networks. As the most prominent representative, the Internet Protocol plays a fundamental role. Without its’ various extensions and additions they would be nowhere near as versatile, as is the case in the current protocol. Thanks to the possibilities offered by ICMP protocol error messages and...

Make a bootable USB drive

Make a bootable USB drive and save your computer

Optical installation media are yesterday’s news. A bootable USB drive is not only faster and more practical than a CD-ROM, it can also do a lot more: For example, create a portable operating system with which you can use Windows as well as Linux computers. The most important function, though, is the ability to boot and repair a PC following a serious system problem. To make such a bootable USB...

DNSSEC – authenticated name resolution

DNSSEC: internet standards for authenticated name resolution

Without the Domain Name System, users of the World Wide Web would have serious problems when trying to load websites and other online presences. It’s only thanks to this system that internet addresses appear in their trusted text format: they’re actually nothing more than combinations of numbers. The communication between browser and name server responsible for this isn’t actually as secure as you...

Localhost

Localhost (127.0.0.1)

What do you need a localhost for? Sometimes it can be useful to communicate with yourself. This is known as a loopback in network technology: instead of feeding a request to the network – e.g. the internet – you instead keep it within your system, subsequently stimulating a network connection. We will explain how the connection to 127.0.0.1 works, and what you can use localhost for.

DNS server not responding – what’s next?

DNS server unavailable? Here’s what to do

‘DNS server not responding’ is a typical error response on Windows. Its presence indicates that some sort of problem is occurring with your internet connection. This phenomenon can be the result of many different causes. In addition to network problems, routers, Windows Firewall, and the web browser are also taken into account when troubleshooting.

Remote desktop: Success of the application

Remote desktop: Application, troubleshooting, and alternatives

Remote desktop connections are indispensable for day-to-day business. More than anything, allowing remote control access from another computer saves time: Whether for support, online conferences, or home office — with remote desktop, you can easily and conveniently connect your computer to distant devices. Private users also benefit from remote use: By connecting with different operating systems,...

Linux – the cost-effective alternative to Windows

Linux: a closer look at the open source operating system

There are many claims about Linux. Is it more secure than Windows? Or is it just more complicated? Although they are widespread in the server area, open source systems haven’t really made their way to PCs. What actually lies behind the cost-effective alternative? Is using a Linux operating system right for you? We’ve got the answers to these questions and more.

What is a network attached storage (NAS)?

Network attached storage (NAS): the basics of network storage

Growing sums of data require cost-effective, high-performance storage solutions. One option for fulfilling this requirement is a network attached storage. In business contexts, this model has already established itself as a viable alternative to file servers, hard drives, and the cloud. Private users have also caught on and use NAS systems at home. But what is a NAS? Read on, and we’ll show you...


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