Encyclopedia

‘Noisy Neighbor’ effect: explanation and solutions

The ‘noisy neighbour’ effect: disruptions in shared and cloud hosting

Shared hosting offers are very popular with many users because of their affordability. But the benefit of loaning resources and sharing hardware with other users can also cause problems, particularly if one of more of the hosted applications puts too much of a strain on performance. What exactly is the ‘noisy neighbour’ effect and how can providers and private hosts avoid this issue in cloud...

NAT: How Network Address Translation works

NAT: Network Address Translation in the router

NAT, the network address translation, is closely tied to the internet standard IPv4 and will disappear from the internet along with it. But the implementation of IPv6 is slow to take over, and many internet users worldwide still surf with the fourth version of the internet protocol. As a result, network address translation via NAT tables remains current. In our guide, we answer the questions: What...

What is an internationalized domain name (IDN)?

IDN domains: web addresses with special characters

Internationalised domain names (IDNs) significantly increase the number of potential combinations for domain registrations. With this system, Spanish speakers are finally able to use accents in words and names like México or Bogotá. Non-Latin characters are also now possible under this mechanism. These profound changes are made possible through a translation process defined in the internet...

Data reduction through deduplication and compression

Deduplication vs. compression: two concepts in data reduction

With the mass of data constantly increasing, ever more efficient storage techniques are required to reduce storage requirements with as few losses as possible. For this purpose, there are two compression techniques that are currently in use. While data compression identifies and eliminates redundant information within a file, deduplication is a cross-file method that is particularly suited to...

How are websites accessed?

How are websites accessed?

In order to access a web page in a browser, you just have to enter the URL into the address bar in your web browser and the requested website will pop up on your screen. This seems simple enough, but the process that’s taking place in the background is a highly complex one. Learn about what happens when you access a website – from the URL translation to the relevant IP address via data transfer,...

Search more effectively with Google operators

Google search operators: advanced web searches

Google is the most popular search machine in the Western world and handles billions of search requests daily. What few users know, however, is that Google has a number of specialised commands to help searchers find what they’re looking for as quickly as possible. These operators are entered into the search bar along with keywords or search terms. Website operators can also gain valuable...

Overview of Schema.org

What is Schema.org?

Structured data is the only pathway to web 3.0. Web owners wishing to enlist the help of web crawlers or screenshots with semantic notation have an enormous choice of markup vocabularies to select from. The collaborative project Schema.org seeks to make this task a more manageable feat. The standardised markup is based on an agreement between the leading search engine providers of Google,...