Encyclopedia

What is a generic top-level domain (gTLD)?

gTLDs: what you should know about generic top-level domains

What do the first registered domains from 1985 have in common? They all end with generic top-level domains (gTLDs). Unlike TLDs, which are country-specific, gTLDs focus on international web addresses. There were originally less than 10 different gTLDs, but this number has risen to several hundred thanks to new generic top-level domains.

Bluetooth

Bluetooth: everything you need to know about the popular wireless standard

“Does it have Bluetooth?” This is a question you hear all the time in electronic shops, which is completely understandable, since this small, blue runic symbol has been a defining marker in our digital lives for quite some time, longer than most other wireless technologies. Even conventional kitchen appliances and motorcycle helmets all come with Bluetooth chips. You will find everything you need...

Linux commands: An overview of terminal commands

An overview of the most important Linux commands

Under Linux, all actions that you can carry out with the mouse and window system via the graphical user interface can also be performed using programme calls in the terminal – provided you know the appropriate command and how to use it according to the correct syntax. To make working in the terminal easier, we provide you with an overview of basic Linux commands with detailed descriptions and...

Progressive web apps | what advantages do they offer?

Progressive web apps: what do progressive apps promise to do?

The app market has already produced several new and progressive app formats; conventional native apps were followed by the development of web apps and hybrid apps. But then what is a progressive web app (PWA)? Fundamentally, they are based on the concept of a web app that then takes the form of an app. But PWAs manage to go one step further, promising users the optimised use of a mobile device’s...

Graphic file formats: which formats are important?

Graphic file formats: the most important storage formats for images online

Whether you own an online store, run a corporate website, or write a blog, none of your web projects won’t be successful without photos or graphics. Images create visual stimuli that can enhance the content of your text and appeal to your visitors. However, it is crucial not only to find suitable graphical elements - but also to choose the appropriate graphic file format. The format needs to meet...

Inbound marketing: how to gain new customers

Inbound marketing

Advertising on social networks like Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube, or on search engines like Google, is a crucial way for large companies to make themselves found online. Smaller companies and online stores, on the other hand, must depend on cheap but efficient alternatives. One possible solution is so-called inbound marketing, which focuses on the individual user and aims to make them a...

SMTP Server

What is an SMTP Server?

Anyone familiar with the technicalities of the e-mail sending process will invariably come across the term “SMTP server” at some point. But how exactly does this unit of hardware and software – which invisibly transports the typical consumer’s e-mail from A to B – work? Understanding how this type of server functions is information that can be used to your advantage when it comes to manually...

SMTP Relay

What is behind the term SMTP relay?

Server, service, protocol, or process? The definition of the term “STM relay” has fueled raging debate on the internet. What exactly are “smarthosts” and “open mail relays” in this context? Where do you get an “SMTP relay server” – and what do you need it for? The answers are simpler than expected and we will provide additional clues to better understand the subject of sending e-mails. Everything...

Ethernet

What is Ethernet (IEEE 802.3)?

In the beginning, there was ARPANET and ALOHAnet. Then Ethernet followed as a groundbreaking innovation for local networks. Ethernet enabled collision-free interconnection of multiple devices via a common bus. For the first time, data packages could efficiently be exchanged between individual devices. Today, the technology is extensively used in the standard IEEE 802.3. With fiber optic cables,...