Protocols

Bootp protocol

BOOTP: All information on the DHCP forerunner

If you want to connect a computer, smartphone, etc. to a network (LAN or Wifi), you can either assign the IP address manually, or get it automatically. The latter is possible thanks to the DHCP (dynamic host configuration protocol) communication protocol, which has established itself as the cross-platform standard solution for address management. The forerunner was the BOOTP bootstrap protocol...

Dedicated IP

Dedicated IP: dispelling common myths

For many years, dedicated IPs were an important component within hosting and mailing. To this day, you can choose a dedicated IP address for your project from a wide variety of services. But is a dedicated IP really a better solution than a shared address? We’ll show you what you need to know about the two IP types and dispel common myths.

Finding your IP address

Finding your IP address: your digital address on the internet

An IP address is assigned to all devices in a computer network. This makes them uniquely addressable and identifiable. Data packets are transported from the sender to the recipient using the IP address. Thanks to this address, routers can send the data packet to the correct recipient. So, how do you find your IP address?

An introduction to TCP/IP

TCP/IP explained simply

Without TCP/IP protocols, you wouldn’t be able to read the words on this page. TCP and IP, the two foundational protocols of the suite, along with other related sets of rules, define how computers communicate over the Internet and other networks. In fact, the standards are so established that every device on the Internet follows these protocols to ensure the smooth transfer of data.

clear cookies

Deleting cookies: how to clear stored data

Some cookies can be very helpful – they let you sleep on those impulse purchases and keep them from disappearing out of your shopping cart, or log into social media sites with just one click. But not all cookies make surfing the web easier, and some may even forward unwanted information to third parties. It is a good idea to learn how to clear cookies, and this guide will show you how to clear...

QUIC – the Internet Transport Protocol based on UDP

QUIC: What is behind the experimental Google Protocol?

Quick UDP Internet Connections (QUIC for short), is an experimental network protocol from Google. Further development of the protocol is being driven by IETF, which has set up a dedicated group working towards it. The QUIC protocol is intended to offer a speed-optimized alternative to the current transport standard TCP and builds on the connectionless protocol UDP to achieve this.

Network protocol: Standards for data exchange

Network protocol: The basis of electronic data exchange

For computer systems to be able to communicate with each other and exchange information, they need common ground, just like humans must share a common language. But computers don’t rely on foreign language lessons, and instead only need the appropriate network protocol to successfully communicate. This provides guidelines and structures for the data transfer, and so plays a decisive role in the...

UDP - User Datagram Protocol

UDP: What is the User Datagram Protocol?

The Internet protocol family – the cornerstone for communication on the Internet – has around 500 members who work on a wide variety of layers. For example, the connectionless User Datagram Protocol (UDP) is responsible on the transport layer for the transmission of packets that were previously addressed via the Internet Protocol (IP). In this guide, you can find out exactly what distinguishes...

NTLM (NT LAN Manager)

NTLM: How does this protocol work?

The NTLM protocol was a practical solution for Windows devices for a long time: A user just had to sign in once and then gain direct access to various network services. However, this authentication method is now considered unsafe and is no longer in use. How does NTLM work, and why do users now prefer to use Kerberos?

PPPoE – Point-to-Point Protocol

PPPoE: DNS protocol

How exactly do you access the internet? Those who have a DSL contract, for example, first have to contact their internet provider’s node each time they connect. The provider checks the access authorisation and establishes the connection to the internet. The so-called “Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet” (PPPoE) is used for this purpose. But how exactly does this protocol work?


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