As an entrepreneur, you should have basic knowledge of double-entry bookkeeping with debits and credits in order to record your business transactions in a comprehensible manner. If you deliver products or services to your customers, then these are business transactions that you record. These records always follow the “debit to credit” system. But what exactly is behind this process?
Anyone exporting goods must properly declare them for customs assessment. Whether the goods clear customs or not depends on this invoice. Sample shipments, gifts, or spare part deliveries within the warranty period are usually not invoiced to the recipient. However, you still have to issue a pro forma invoice. We explain what the invoice is all about.
The profit forecast is part of the business plan and gives you and your investors an overview of your business ideas’ viability. Using an example scenario, we will show you how to prepare and objectively evaluate the profit forecast. Nothing can stand in the way of your business success with proper financial planning.
How profitable is your investment? Net present value provides you with an answer to this question. You calculate it within the framework of a dynamic investment calculation method by discounting the surplus that is generated by the investment. We’ll explain how this actually works with the help of a step-by-step practical example.
You can use the EBIT margin to measure how profitable your business is and compare it with other companies. Unlike profit margins, taxes and returns don’t interfere with comparability in the EBIT margin. That’s why it’s an ideal value for international comparisons. It's also useful for comparing sectors. We explain how you can calculate the EBIT margin.
You will most likely know the shareholders in your company. What does the stakeholder situation look like? The success of your company depends on various groups of people. Not all of these people are employed by you or have shares in your business. In particular, external stakeholders such as suppliers and customers, as well as the state and the general public, have a massive impact on the success...
If you outline your capital needs for investment in a thorough, comprehensible manner, you will have better chances of obtaining bank loans or publicly subsidised loans. But how is an investment plan structured and what expenses should be taken into account to convince financial backers? We reveal this and explain how an investment plan fits in as part of a business plan.
What does a tax consultant cost? The question arises quickly when the tax return is due or an external audit is imminent. In view of the complex tax-relevant circumstances, professional support is the logical consequence for many. To ensure that there is a happy ending when an invoice arrives at your house, you should first have an understanding of tax consultancy costs.
Regulations around individuals’ capacity to contract look at who may act in legal transactions and who may not or only to a limited extent. In this way, persons unable to contract are to be protected from unknowingly damaging themselves or others. Whether a person has the capacity to contract depends on their age or mental health. But what is the capacity to contract, what changes at which age...
For every entrepreneur, calculating depreciation is an important task. But we must ask ourselves how the calculation of depreciation actually works, and what to look out for during the calculation process. These and many other questions will be answered with the aid of three examples, which will also clarify various depreciation methods and delineate the difference between imputed costs and other...