DoS: attack patterns and countermeasures

It is very important for a server service to always be available since this is directly related to an online company’s success. Many servers are susceptible to DoS and DDoS attacks, which cause overloads and trigger costly crashes . But which patterns do these attacks follow and which counter measures can be put into place in order to protect critical systems from being targeted?

TFTP (Trivial File Transfer Protocol) – File Transfer Protocol made simple

The Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) is one of the oldest and simplest network protocols. It allows two systems to exchange files on the local area network without having to establish a connection beforehand. To do this, TFTP uses the connectionless transport protocol UDP, which serves as an alternative to the more common yet more complex TCP. What other features set the TFTP protocol apart,...

Qt: the C++ framework for developing cross-platform software

Frameworks are an integral element of software development. The collections of tools, libraries and ready-to-use components standardise and simplify the development process, which means a great deal of time can be saved when creating new applications. For example, the framework based on C++ Qt supplies diverse tools for the creation of cross-platform user interfaces; it is also convincing due to...

BOOTP: All information on the DHCP forerunner

If you want to connect a computer, smartphone, etc. to a network (LAN or Wifi), you can either assign the IP address manually, or get it automatically. The latter is possible thanks to the DHCP (dynamic host configuration protocol) communication protocol, which has established itself as the cross-platform standard solution for address management. The forerunner was the BOOTP bootstrap protocol...

RARP: The Reverse Address Resolution Protocol

Out-dated technology can still be interesting. Even though the Reverse Address Resolution Protocol was introduced in 1984, and considered obsolete the following year due to the Bootstrap Protocol, it continued to be used long after. The RARP has not completely disappeared from network technology even today. As the Reverse ARP, this protocol is a counterpart to the Address Resolution Protocol. But...

Arduino projects: the best microcontroller ideas

The compact Arduino microcontroller is an essential component for electronic hobbyists and has shaped the global maker movement. Here we introduce the best Arduino project ideas for beginners, instructive tutorials for advanced makers, incredible professional Arduino Nano projects, as well as Arduino Uno projects. For over a decade, technology enthusiasts around the world have been inspired by...

Explore the possibilities with these 17 Raspberry Pi projects

Raspberry Pi is an inexpensive small form factor PC that can behave like a standard computer in many respects. Users can use this innovative mini-computer for all kinds of functions, from setting up an operating system to surfing the web, to using it as a server or a media center, and much more besides. Discover 10 interesting Raspberry Pi projects to try out at home.

Linux vs. Windows: a comparison of the best web server solutions

The duel between Linux and Windows may have an obvious victor on the home computer front, but the battle for server use paints a very different picture: since the beginning, Linux has defeated Windows, as usage figures show. But many users remain unconvinced by statistics and rightfully ask the question: what are the actual differences between the two platforms?

SCTP (Stream Control Transmission Protocol) – the reliable, message-orientated transport protocol

If two computer systems are to exchange data, they must agree on a common protocol basis. For example, the selected transport protocol determines how the information is to be transferred. One of the more recent representatives of this protocol division is the Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP), which the IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force) published in 2000 as an alternative to known...

UDP: What is the User Datagram Protocol?

The Internet protocol family – the cornerstone for communication on the Internet – has around 500 members who work on a wide variety of layers. For example, the connectionless User Datagram Protocol (UDP) is responsible on the transport layer for the transmission of packets that were previously addressed via the Internet Protocol (IP). In this guide, you can find out exactly what distinguishes...