Encryption

Man-in-the-middle attack: an overview of attack patterns

Man-in-the-middle attack: attack patterns and countermeasures

A man-in-the-middle attack is a deceitful espionage attack which aims to listen, record, or manipulate sensitive data being sent between unsuspecting internet users. To do this, hackers rely on methods that enable them to position themselves, unnoticed, between two or more computers communicating with one another. We introduce you to some well-known attack patterns and countermeasures that can be...

QUIC – the Internet Transport Protocol based on UDP

QUIC: What is behind the experimental Google Protocol?

Quick UDP Internet Connections (QUIC for short), is an experimental network protocol from Google. Further development of the protocol is being driven by IETF, which has set up a dedicated group working towards it. The QUIC protocol is intended to offer a speed-optimized alternative to the current transport standard TCP and builds on the connectionless protocol UDP to achieve this.

IP Spoofing: Fundamentals and counter-measures

IP Spoofing: Simple manipulation of data packets by attackers

Sending data over networks is one of the most important and highest utilised functions of the modern computer era. But the structure of the necessary TCP/IP connections makes it all too easy for criminals to intercept data packets along their way and either view or alter their contents. One of the most common methods of attack is IP spoofing, which allows DoS and DDoS attacks, among other things...

HSTS: Reliably secure your HTTPS connections

HSTS: How the HTTPS expansion works

HTTPS, the network protocol for TLS-encrypted data transfer online can be circumvented in some cases. The danger is that encrypted websites can be accessed via unencrypted HTTP. But the HTTPS extension HSTS (HTTP Strict Transport Security) forces website access via TLS encryption, closing the security gaps that hackers like to use to intercept the HTTPS connection during transport using...

Honeypots: IT security through decoy programs

What is a honeypot?

Businesses use IDSs (intrusion detection systems) and firewalls in order to keep attackers away from sensitive IT systems. These safeguards can be enhanced through so-called honeypots, which bait hackers to isolated network areas where more information on their attack patterns can be collected. Find out more here on how honeypots work and with which programs honeypots can be implemented for both...

The Best Altcoins

Altcoin: What are the alternatives to Bitcoin?

Bitcoin’s success has spawned hundreds of cryptocurrencies now available on the market. Known as altcoins, they try to fix Bitcoin’s weaknesses or else have a completely different focus. In this article, we present the most popular and important alternatives to Bitcoin and explain their main differences: what are the advantages and disadvantages of each cryptocurrency?

Web analytics and data privacy

Web analytics: data privacy when creating a profile

Tracking tools can provide website operators with a useful indication on how to adapt an online project to suit a target group. These tools focus on user profiles, which reveal how users find the website, and which content provokes interactions. This information is based on user data, which can be subject to stringent data protection guidelines in some countries within the European Union. Find out...

ERR_SSL_PROTOCOL_ERROR: the best solutions

ERR_SSL_PROTOCOL_ERROR: how to fix the Chrome bug

Chrome is the world’s most widely-used internet browser. The application scores points not only when it comes to security and speed, but also with its features such as cross-device synchronisation of user data. But errors can occur even when surfing with Google’s wonder weapon. These can lead to the browser crashing or prevent certain pages from being accessed. The error message...

What is a VPN (virtual private network)?

VPN — secure data transfer through public networks

VPN implementations offer an affordable alternative for locally connecting networks, as well as making network resources available for external devices. In contrast to corporate networks, no private communication network is required. Instead, like the internet, VPNs rely on networks, and protect sensitive data through a process known as tunneling.

FileZilla: tutorial for the FTP client program

How to use FileZilla: a tutorial on the popular FTP client

FileZilla is considered to be the standard in software for transferring data between locally connected computers and online servers. The network protocol is able to transfer via FTP and its encrypted variants, SFTP and FTPS. We’ve created an overview of the client program’s features and break down the details of this program from installation to data transfer.